CONTRIBUTION OF AMELIORANT APPLICATION ON CARBON BALANCE IN RICE (Oryza sativa L.) CROPPING IN PEATLAND

Eni Yulianingsing, HL Susilawati, Prihasto Setyanto

Abstract


Expansion of agricultural land is needed to accomplish the future national food demand. Expansion of agricultural land has been focused on marginal land such as peatland. The studies was carried out at IAERI experimental farm and used 12 microplots with each have a dimension of 1,5 m x 1,5 m x 1 m and was filled with peat from South Kalimantan. Amelioration treatments such as dolomite (Ca-rock), volcanic ash, peat fertilizer, Fe fertilizer, nitrification inhibitor and control were established as treatments to the microplots, after amelioration, the plots was planted by Inpara 2 rice cultivar. Data of the result was analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncant Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The result showed that the highest net carbon from non ameliorant (control) and the lowest from volcanic ash. Net carbon highet at non ameliorant (control) 3785 kg-C/ha followed dolomite, Fe fertilizer, NI (nitrification inhibitor), peatland fertilizer and volcanic ash i.e 3238; 2082; 1574; 1439 and -712 kg-C/ha


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim, 2009. Laporan Akhir Tahun Balai Penelitian Lingkungan Pertanian. Pati. Jawa Tengah.

Barchia, M.F. 2006. Gambut. Agroekosistem dan Transformasi Karbon. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

David Mc K. 2011. Soil Carbon Sequastration Under Pasture in Southren Australia.Mc Kenzie Soil Management Ltd. Orange NSW.

Gregg M., T.O. West , B. Schlamadinger and L.Canella. 2003. Managing Soil Organic Carbon in Agriculture: The Net Effect on Greenhouse Gas Emission. Tellus. 55B, 613–621

Hairiah K dan Rahayu S. 2007. Pengukuran Karbon Tersimpan di Berbagai Macam Penggunaan Lahan. Bogor. World Agroforestry Centre – ICRAF, SEA Regional Office, University of Brawijaya, Unibraw, Indonesia. 77 p.

H.L. Susilawati, M.Ariani, R. Kartikawati dan P.Setyanto. 2011. Ameliorasi Tanah Gambut Meningkatkan Hasil Padi dan Menekan Gas Rumah Kaca. Sinar Tani,12 Maret :6.

Najiyati, S., A. Asmana., I.N.N. Suryadiputra. 2005. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Lahan Gambut. Proyek Climate Change, Forest and Peatlands in Indonesia. Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme dan Wildlife Habitat Canada. Bogor.

Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers. 1982. Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter. Chemical and Microbiological Properties-Agronomy Monograph No.9 (2nd edition).

Prasetyo, T.B dan Gusmini, 2009. Formulasi Amelioran Pada Tanah Gambut Untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Padi dan Jagung. Universitas Andalas. Padang.

Supiandi S. 2010. Proc.of Int. Workshop on Evaluation and Sustainable Management of Soil Carbon Sequestration in Asian Countries. Bogor, Indonesia Sept. 28-29.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/jwem.v3i2.22

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License Hasil gambar untuk crossref
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ISSN: 2354-5844 (print version) and 2477-5223 (electronic version). joomla site stats View My Stats