Agarwood (Aquilaria malaccencis) Health at Nursery

Dina Naemah, Hat Mayani Diah Ningrum


Gaharu (Aquilaria malaccencis) is a tree species included in Thymelleaceae family, Agarwood can grow in
lowland as well as mountains, up to 750 m above sea level. The average temperature required is 32 ° C and
the average humidity is 70%, with annual rainfall of about 2000 mm. This plant produces a resin powder
which has a distinctive aroma fragrance infected due to fungal diseases (fungi) that enter through the trunk
wound. The objective of this study is to identify the characteristics of attack which causes damage to the
agarwood plant seedlings (Aquilaria malaccencis) and to elucidate the intensity of pests and diseases on
agarwood plant seedling (Aquilaria malaccencis). By using code of Environmental Monitoring and
Assessment Program (EMAP) which had been modified so that it was obtained the damage cause, damaged
parts of plants, the type and the level of severity of damage suffered by the plant. Based on the results, data
showed that the biggest cause of the damage suffered by the agarwood plant was a disease characterized by
symptoms on the leaves where the damage type was in the form of leaf discoloration with the level of
severity of 20-29%. The intensity of damage was 44. 66%, damage due to pest was 8%, and damage due to
illness was 32%.


Plant Health, Agarwood, Resin, Disease

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