Community-Based Coastal Resource Management (CB-CRM): a Case Study f Mariveles, Bataan, Philippines

Andrew L.L Munchal


This paper addressed the issue of sustainable coastal resource management through a successful Community-Based Coastal Resource Management (CB-CRM) Program in the Municipality of Mariveles, province of Bataan in the Philippines. The paper investigated how governance and institutional and legislative framework, and the concept of sustainable development complemented  each  other  to  promote  good  local  eco-governance in  the management and protection of finite local marine resources. Specifically, it analyzed how the local fisherfolk community of Mariveles utilized efficiently their finite marine resources in the context of eco-governance. It also investigated how the cooperative efforts of various stakeholders: peoples’ organizations (POs),  local  government unit  (LGU),  and  a  non- government organization (NGO)  in  Mariveles, Bataan  affected  their  coastal  resources against environmental degradation and exploitation. This paper would benefit POs, LGUs, and NGOs in their quest for sustainable management and conservation of their limited coastal resources. This paper yielded the following findings. First, POs and NGOs engage when NGOs can strengthen the POs’ capacity building through the transfer of skills and technology, when NGOs can enhance the POs’ indigenous knowledge, and when NGOs are more knowledgeable of formal venues of LGU participation. Second, LGUs, NGOs and POs engage when POs and NGOs can complement each other to strengthen their capacity building, and when NGOs can help implement environmental programs that are beneficial to the POs. Third, NGOs and POs engage when POs are threatened by elite power, and when NGOs want their environmental issues on LGU’s legislative agenda. Finally, NGOs and POs engage when they see possible LGU cooperation. Participant observation through focus group discussion (FGD) and key informants’ interview of different stakeholders was a  primary  source  of  information  in  formulating  the  aforementioned  conclusions.  In addition, stakeholders’ analysis and documentary analysis, i.e., books, print and non-print materials, video footage, monograph, were used as secondary sources of information. The author is solely responsible for any information found in this paper.


Community-based Coastal Resource Management, Sustainable Development, Eco-governance

Full Text:



Alfiler, Ma. Concepcion (2003).

Administrative Accessibility: Towards the Operationalization of a Concept. In: Bautista, Victoria et al, eds. (2003). Introduction to Public Administration in the Philippines: A Reader. Quezon City: University of the Philippines.

Bautista, Arnell (1993). Rules and Regulations Implementing the Local Government Code of 1991. Manila: National Bookstore.

Brillantes Jr., Alex (2001). Developing Indicators of Local Governance in thePhilippines: Towards an “ISO” for LGUs. In: Brillantes, Alex, ed. Philippine Journal of Public Administration vol. XLV, Nos. 1 &

Quezon City: University of the


Mangada, Ladylyn (2004).

Environmental Governance: The Case of San Pedro Bay, Philippines. In: Aguilar, Carmencita, ed. Environmental Protection and Regional Development. International Federation of Social Science Organizations.

Nolledo, Jose (2000). The 1991 Local Government Code with Basic Features. Manila: National Bookstore. Rosal, Joseph (1999). Hayuma. Quezon City: Institute of Social Order.

World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Towards Sustainable Development. Oxford University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License Hasil gambar untuk crossref
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ISSN: 2354-5844 (print version) and 2477-5223 (electronic version). joomla site stats View My Stats